Rapid DNA is the generation of a DNA profile to identify an individual quickly (less than 2 hours).
The faster DNA results are available, the more they can impact critical military, forensic, homeland security, and intelligence decisions. And to maximize the impact of DNA identification for law enforcement, homeland defense, disaster victim identification and military applications, rapid DNA systems must be operable in the field.
The FBI defines Rapid DNA as “the fully automated (hands free) process of developing a CODIS Core Loci STR profile from a reference sample buccal swab. The “swab in – profile out” process consists of automated extraction, amplification, separation, detection, and allele calling without human intervention.”
The Rapid DNA Act
A 2013 U.S. Supreme Court decision that ruled the warrantless collection of DNA from those arrested for a serious crime does not violate the Fourth Amendment prohibition against unreasonable search and seizure. The Rapid DNA Act of 2016, sponsored by Senator Orrin Hatch, allows for the utilization of Rapid DNA technology in police stations around the United States, and is expected to become law in 2017.